1.a treaty to cease hostilities"peace came on November 11th"
2.the absence of mental stress or anxiety
3.harmonious relations; freedom from disputes"the roommates lived in peace together"
4.the state prevailing during the absence of war
5.the general security of public places"he was arrested for disturbing the peace"
PeacePeace (?), n. [OE. pees, pais, OF. pais, paiz, pes, F. paix, L. pax, pacis, akin to pacere, paciscere, pacisci, to make an agreement, and prob. also pangere to fasten. Cf. Appease, Fair, a., Fay, v., Fang, Pacify, Pact, Pay to requite.] A state of quiet or tranquillity; freedom from disturbance or agitation; calm; repose; specifically: (a) Exemption from, or cessation of, war with public enemies. (b) Public quiet, order, and contentment in obedience to law. (c) Exemption from, or subjection of, agitating passions; tranquillity of mind or conscience. (d) Reconciliation; agreement after variance; harmony; concord. “The eternal love and pees.” Chaucer.
☞ Peace is sometimes used as an exclamation in commanding silence, quiet, or order. “Peace! foolish woman.” Shak.
At peace, in a state of peace. -- Breach of the peace. See under Breach. -- Justice of the peace. See under Justice. -- Peace of God. (Law) (a) A term used in wills, indictments, etc., as denoting a state of peace and good conduct. (b) (Theol.) The peace of heart which is the gift of God. -- Peace offering. (a) (Jewish Antiq.) A voluntary offering to God in token of devout homage and of a sense of friendly communion with Him. (b) A gift or service offered as satisfaction to an offended person. -- Peace officer, a civil officer whose duty it is to preserve the public peace, to prevent riots, etc., as a polliceman, sheriff or constable. -- To hold one's peace, to be silent; to refrain from speaking. -- To make one's peace with, to reconcile one with, to plead one's cause with, or to become reconciled with, another. “I will make your peace with him.” Shak.
PeacePeace, v. t. & i. To make or become quiet; to be silent; to stop. [R.] “Peace your tattlings.” Shak.
When the thunder would not peace at my bidding. Shak.
definition of Wikipedia
agreement, amity, armistice, ataraxis, calm, calmness, clemency, comfort, composure, concord, consensus, contentment, coolness, harmony, heartsease, pacification, peacefulness, peace of mind, peace treaty, public security, quiescence, quietness, quietude, reconciliation, repose, rest, serenity, silence, stillness, tranquility, tranquillity
see also - peace
Justice of the Peace • Partnership for Peace • Peace Corps • Peace Corps (U.S.) • Peace Garden State • Peace of Westphalia • at peace • breach of the peace • disturbance of the peace • disturber of the peace • establishment of peace • in peace • justice of the peace • keep the peace • kiss of peace • leave in peace • make one's peace • make one's peace with • make peace • make-peace • peace advocacy • peace effort • peace initiative • peace lily • peace march • peace move • peace movement • peace negotiations • peace of mind • peace offering • peace officer • peace overture • peace pipe • peace process • peace talks • peace treaty • peace zone • peace-loving • peace-offering • pipe of peace • rest in peace • times of peace
9/11 families for peace • Abidjan Peace Accord • Alliance for Peace and Democracy • Austrian Peace Service • Axis for Peace • Believers' Movement for Equality and Peace • Brotherhood and Peace List • Carthaginian peace • Centre for Peace Studies, Tromsø • Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation • Churches of Peace • Crawford Peace House • Crime against peace • Darfur Peace and Accountability Act • Democratic Peace Party • Disturbing the Peace • Disturbing the peace • Disturbing the peace (disambiguation) • Dunvegan-Central Peace • Ecstatic Peace! • Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty • Family Federation for World Peace and Unification • Faslane Peace Camp • Felix Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize • Gold Star Families for Peace • Gold Star Famillies For Peace • Gravity (Our Lady Peace album) • Great Law of Peace • Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation • Hiroshima Peace Memorial • Home of Peace Cemetery • ID; Peace B • International Day of Peace • International Peace Bureau • International Peace Conference • International Peace Congress • International Peace University of South Africa • Island of Ireland Peace Park • Israel-Lebanon peace treaty • Israel–Jordan peace treaty • James Loney (peace activist) • Jeremy Peace • Justice of the peace • Kyoto Museum for World Peace • Land for peace • Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty • Liberia Peace Council • Light Peace Love • Live (Our Lady Peace album) • Live (Our Lady Peace album)) • Live Peace In Toronto • Lomé Peace Accord • Madrid peace conference letter of invitation • Moscow Peace Treaty • Movement for Peace and Socialism • National Peace Party • Nebraskans For Peace • Nobel Peace Center • Nobel Peace Prize Concert • Nobel Prize for Peace • Nobel Prize/Peace • NobelPrize/PeacE • NobelPrize/Peace • North Peace River • Office of Atoms for Peace • One Love Peace Concert • Palestinian views on the peace process • Paris Peace Conference, 1919 • Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 • Party for Peace, Democracy, Reconciliation, and Reconstruction • Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development • Peace Authority • Peace B. Remixes • Peace Ballot • Peace Breaks Out • Peace Bridge Authority • Peace Brigades International • Peace Cup • Peace Dam • Peace Dollar • Peace Fountain • Peace Hill Press • Peace Medal of the Third World • Peace Mission • Peace Mission 2005 • Peace Now • Peace Out • Peace Pagoda • Peace Pagodas in US • Peace Party (UK) • Peace Players International • Peace Pledge Union • Peace Politics People's Party • Peace Prize of the German Book Trade • Peace River (British Columbia electoral district) • Peace River (Florida) • Peace River Airport • Peace River C, British Columbia • Peace River Country • Peace River D, British Columbia • Peace River Regional District • Peace Sells • Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? • Peace Society • Peace Through Superior Firepower • Peace Township, Kanabec County, Minnesota • Peace Valley, Missouri • Peace and Ecology Party of Canada • Peace and Freedom Party • Peace and Love (Pogues album) • Peace and Noise • Peace and Progress • Peace and Progress Party • Peace and love • Peace education • Peace for our time • Peace keepers • Peace of Alais • Peace of Antalcidas • Peace of Barcelona • Peace of Basel • Peace of God (album) • Peace of Lodi • Peace of Mind • Peace of Mind (1960 song) • Peace of Mind (Boston song) • Peace of Nicias • Peace of Nikolsburg • Peace of Noyon • Peace of Nystad • Peace of Thorn (1411) • Peace of Vasvár • Peace of Vereeniging • Peace of Westphalia • Peace of Zsitvatorok • Peace on Earth (film) • Peace on Earth/Little Drummer Boy • Peace plans offered before and during the Bosnian War • Peace process • Peace rallies • Peace symbols • Peace through strength • Peace through superior fire power • Peace thru Vandalism • Peace thru Vandalism / When in Rome Do as the Vandals • Peace, Unity and Development Party • Peace, Unity, and Development Party • Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial • Pipes of Peace • Pipes of Peace (song) • Plea for Peace Foundation • Podsafe for peace • Pretoria Peace Accords • Prince of Peace • Progressive List for Peace • Projects working for peace among Arabs and Israelis • Promoting Enduring Peace • Prosperous Peace Party • Quaker Peace and Social Witness • Road map for peace • Road map to peace • Rome General Peace Accords • Rust in Peace • School for Peace • Science for Peace • Second Peace of Thorn (1466) • South Peace River • State Peace and Development Council • Sudan Peace Act • Suing for peace • Temple of Peace • The Anatomy of Peace • The Ladies' Peace • The Meaning of Peace • The Peace! • The Shattered Peace • Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies • U.S. Institute of Peace • U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity • UNESCO Prize for Peace Education • Union for Peace and Development • University for Peace • Usa-chan peace • Valley of Peace, Belize • Veterans for Peace • Voice of Peace • War Resisters League Peace Award • War and Peace • War and Peace (1968 film) • War and Peace (Prokofiev) • War and Peace (TV series) • War and Peace (disambiguation) • Westphalian peace • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom • Words of Peace and Truth • World Peace Bell • World Peace Corps Mission • World Peace Through World Law • World peace
case file; document; paper; record[ClasseParExt.]
bond; engagement; contract[Classe]
bargain; treaty; pact; accord; compact[ClasseHyper.]
(make a pact; make one's peace with)[termes liés]
droit international public (fr)[termes liés]
induire en erreur (fr)[Classe]
caresse (fr)[termes liés]
placid, quiet, smooth, still, tranquil, unruffled - mollification, pacification - conciliation, placation, propitiation - baby's dummy, comforter, pacifier, teething ring - ataraxis, heartsease, peace, peacefulness, peace of mind, repose, serenity - conciliator, make-peace, pacifier, peacemaker, reconciler - peace - mollification - conciliation - conciliative, conciliatory - appeasing, placating, placative, placatory - appeasable, conciliable[Dérivé]
induire en erreur (fr)[Classe]
caresse (fr)[termes liés]
harmonise, harmonize, reconcile - harmonise, harmonize - accord, agree, concord, consort, fit in, harmonise, harmonize, tone - harmonious - harmonious, proportionate, symmetrical - consonant, harmonic, harmonical, harmonious, harmonised, harmonized - mollification, pacification - conciliation, placation, propitiation - baby's dummy, comforter, pacifier, teething ring - ataraxis, heartsease, peace, peacefulness, peace of mind, repose, serenity - conciliator, make-peace, pacifier, peacemaker, reconciler - peace - mollification - conciliation - conciliative, conciliatory - appeasing, placating, placative, placatory - appeasable, conciliable[Dérivé]
concord, concordance, harmony[Hyper.]
caractère, état, propriété (fr)[Classe...]
chose immatérielle (fr)[Classe...]
arrêter un conflit armé (fr)[Thème]
govern, order, regularise, regularize, regulate - neat, orderly, well-kept - pacification, peace, peace treaty - conciliator, make-peace, pacifier, peacemaker, reconciler - peace - peace, public security - war[Dérivé]
security; safety; certainty[ClasseHyper.]
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Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent conflict. Commonly understood as the absence of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all. In international relations, peacetime is not only the absence of war or conflict, but also the presence of cultural and economic understanding.
From the Latin pax, meaning "freedom from civil disorder," the English word came into use in various personal greetings from c.1300 as a translation of the Hebrew shalom. Shalom, cognate with the Arabic "salaam", has multiple meanings: safety, welfare, prosperity, security, fortune, friendliness. The personalized meaning is reflected in a nonviolent lifestyle, which also describes a relationship between any people characterized by respect, justice and goodwill.
This later understanding of peace can also pertain to an individual's sense of himself or herself, as to be "at peace" with one's own mind attested in Europe from c.1200. The early English term is also used in the sense of "quiet", reflecting a calm, serene, and meditative approach to the family or group relationships that avoids quarreling and seeks tranquility — an absence of disturbance or agitation.
In many languages the word for peace is also used a greeting or a farewell, for example the Hawaiian word Aloha, as well as the Arabic word Salam . In English the word peace is used as a farewell, especially for the dead as in Rest In Peace, RIP.
Religious beliefs often seek to identify and address the basic problems of human life, including the conflicts between, among, and within persons.
Christians claim Jesus of Nazareth to be the "Prince of Peace", the Messiah Christ who established a Kingdom of Peace where persons, societies, and all of creation are to be healed of evil. For persons to enter this Kingdom and experience peace, Christians believe that one must develop a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, who stated: "Come to me, all you who labor and are burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am meek and humble of heart; and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden light." (Matthew 11:28-30)
Buddhists believe that peace can be attained once all suffering ends. To eliminate suffering and achieve this peace, they follow a set of teachings called the Four Noble Truths — a central tenet in Buddhist philosophy.
Islam means submission. The word "Muslim" means the person who submits to Allah in Peace. The submission to Allah (the Arabic proper noun for "The God", One and Only) is based on humility. An attitude of humility within one's own self cannot be accomplished without total rejection of violence and attitude of alliance towards peace.
Inner peace (or peace of mind) refers to a state of being mentally and spiritually at peace, with enough knowledge and understanding to keep oneself strong in the face of discord or stress. Being "at peace" is considered by many to be healthy homeostasis and the opposite of being stressed or anxious. Peace of mind is generally associated with bliss and happiness.
Peace of mind, serenity, and calmness are descriptions of a disposition free from the effects of stress. In some cultures, inner peace is considered a state of consciousness or enlightenment that may be cultivated by various forms of training, such as prayer, meditation, t'ai chi ch'uan (太极拳, tàijíquán) or yoga, for example. Many spiritual practices refer to this peace as an experience of knowing oneself. Finding inner peace is often associated with traditions such as Buddhism and Hinduism as well as the New Age movement. Inner peace is also the first of four concepts to living life in the rave culture acronym PLUR.
Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (also known as "Mahatma" Gandhi) said to have been inspired by Henry D. Thoreau's 1848 essay "Civil Disobedience". Gandhi deployed satyagraha in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his earlier struggles in South Africa. Satyagraha theory also influenced Martin Luther King, Jr. during the campaigns he led during the civil rights movement in the United States. The theory of satyagraha sees means and ends as inseparable. Therefore, it is contradictory to try to use violence to obtain peace. As Gandhi wrote: “They say, 'means are, after all, means'. I would say, 'means are, after all, everything'. As the means so the end...”
Since classical times, it has been noted that peace has sometimes been achieved by the victor over the vanquished by the imposition of ruthless measures. In his book Agricola the Roman historian Tacitus includes eloquent and vicious polemics against the rapacity and greed of Rome. One, that Tacitus says is by the Caledonian chieftain Calgacus, ends Auferre trucidare rapere falsis nominibus imperium, atque ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant. (To ravage, to slaughter, to usurp under false titles, they call empire; and where they make a desert, they call it peace. — Oxford Revised Translation).
A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of achieving world peace. Means to achieve these ends usually include advocacy of pacifism, non-violent resistance, diplomacy, boycotts, moral purchasing, supporting anti-war political candidates, demonstrations, and lobbying to create legislation.
Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes or gaining advantage. Pacifism covers a spectrum of views ranging from the belief that international disputes can and should be peacefully resolved; to calls for the abolition of the institutions of the military and war; to opposition to any organization of society through governmental force (anarchist or libertarian pacifism); to rejection of the use of physical violence to obtain political, economic or social goals; to opposition to violence under any circumstance, including defense of self and others.
Pacifism may be based on moral principles (a deontological view) or pragmatism (a consequentialist view). Principled pacifism holds that at some point along the spectrum from war to interpersonal physical violence, such violence becomes morally wrong. Pragmatic pacifism holds that the costs of war and inter-personal violence are so substantial that better ways of resolving disputes must be found. Pacifists in general reject theories of Just War.
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achieving world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue.
The UN, after approval by the Security Council, sends peacekeepers to regions where armed conflict has recently ceased or paused to enforce the terms of peace agreements and to discourage combatants from resuming hostilities. Since the UN does not maintain its own military, peacekeeping forces are voluntarily provided by member states of the UN. The forces, also called the "Blue Helmets", who enforce UN accords are awarded United Nations Medals, which are considered international decorations instead of military decorations. The peacekeeping force as a whole received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988.
The highest honor awarded to peace maker is the Nobel Prize in Peace, awarded since 1901 by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. It is awarded annually to internationally notable persons following the prize's creation in the will of Alfred Nobel. According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who
|“||...shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.||”|
The International Gandhi Peace Prize, named after Mahatma Gandhi, is awarded annually by the Government of India. It is launched as a tribute to the ideals espoused by Gandhi in 1995 on the occasion of the 125th anniversary of his birth. This is an annual award given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods. The award carries Rs. 10 million in cash, convertible in any currency in the world, a plaque and a citation. It is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, creed or sex.
The Student Peace Prize is awarded biennially to a student or a student organization that has made a significant contribution to promoting peace and human rights.
A peace museum is a museum that documents historical peace initiatives. Many peace museums also provide advocacy programs for nonviolent conflict resolution. This may include conflicts at the personal, regional or international level.
The following are monuments to peace:
|Japanese Peace Bell||New York City, NY, USA||United Nations||World peace|
|Fountain of Time||Chicago, IL, USA||Chicago Park District||100 years of peace between the USA and UK|
|Confederate Memorial||Arlington, Va, USA||Arlington National Cemetery||Southern States choosing peace over war|
|International Peace Garden||North Dakota, Manitoba||non-profit organization||Peace between the US and Canada, World peace|
|Peace Arch||border between US and Canada, near Surrey, British Columbia.||non-profit organization||Built to honor the first 100 years of peace between Great Britain and the United States resulting from the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in 1814.|
|Statue of Europe||Brussels||European Commission||Unity in Peace in Europe|
|This section requires expansion.|
Many different theories of "peace" exist in the world of peace studies, which involves the study of conflict transformation, disarmament, and cessation of violence. The definition of "peace" can vary with religion, culture, or subject of study.
One definition is that peace is a state of balance and understanding in yourself and between others, where respect is gained by the acceptance of differences, tolerance persists, conflicts are resolved through dialog, people's rights are respected and their voices are heard, and everyone is at their highest point of serenity without social tension.
The Peace War Game is a game theory approach to peace and conflict studies. An iterated game originally played in academic groups and by computer simulation for years to study possible strategies of cooperation and aggression. As peace makers became richer over time, it became clear that making war had greater costs than initially anticipated. The only strategy that acquired wealth more rapidly was a "Genghis Khan", a constant aggressor making war continually to gain resources. This led to the development of the "provokable nice guy" strategy, a peace-maker until attacked, improved upon merely to win by occasional forgiveness even when attacked. Multiple players continue to gain wealth cooperating with each other while bleeding the constant aggressor. Such actions led in essence to the development of the Hanseatic League for trade and mutual defense following centuries of Viking depredation.
The democratic peace theory holds that democracies will never go to war with one another.
Borrowing from the teachings of Johan Galtung, Norwegian co-founder of the field of Peace Research, on 'Positive Peace', and on the writings of Maine Quaker Gray Cox, a consortium of researchers and disputants in the experimental John Woolman College initiative have arrived at a theory of Active Peace. This theory posits that Peace is part of a triad, which also includes justice and wholeness (or well-being), consonant with scriptural scholarly interpretations of the meaning of the early Hebrew word S-L-M or 'Shalom', called by some the Bible's word for salvation, justice, and peace. Furthermore, the consortium have integrated Galtung's teaching of the meanings of the terms peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peace building, to also fit into a triadic formulation. Vermont Quaker John V. Wilmerding, Jr., founder of John Woolman College, posits five stages of growth applicable to individuals, communities, and societies, whereby one transcends first the 'surface' awareness that most people have of these kinds of issues, emerging successively into acquiescence, pacifism, passive resistance, active resistance, and finally into Active Peace, dedicating themselves to peacemaking, peacekeeping, and/or peace building.
Following Wolfgang Dietrich,Wolfgang Sützl and the Innsbruck School of Peace Studies, some peace thinkers have abandoned any single and all-encompassing definition of peace. Rather, they promote the idea of Many Peaces. They argue that since no singular, correct definition of peace can exist, peace should be perceived as a plurality. This post-modern understanding of peace(s) was based on the philosophy of Jean Francois Lyotard. It served as a fundament for the more recent concept of trans-rational peace(s) and elicitive conflict transformation.
In 2008 Wolfgang Dietrich enlarged his earlier approach of the Many Peaces to the so called "five families" of peace interpretations: the energetic, moral, modern, post-modern and trans-rational approach. Trans-rationality unites the rational and mechanistic understanding of modern peace in a relational and culture-based manner with spiritual narratives and energetic interpretations. The systemic understanding of trans-rational peaces advocates a client-centred method of conflict transformation, the so called elicitive approach.
Peace and conflict studies is an academic field which identifies and analyses violent and nonviolent behaviours, as well as the structural mechanisms attending violent and non violent social conflicts. This is to better understand the processes leading to a more desirable human condition. One variation, Peace studies (irenology), is an interdisciplinary effort aiming at the prevention, de-escalation, and solution of conflicts. This contrasts with war studies (polemology), directed at the efficient attainment of victory in conflicts. Disciplines involved may include political science, geography, economics, psychology, sociology, international relations, history, anthropology, religious studies, and gender studies, as well as a variety of others.
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